Application of human genome project
More than 1200 genes are responsible for common human cardiovascular diseases, endocrine diseases (like diabetes), neurological disorders (like Alzheimers disease), cancers and many more.
Efforts are in progress to determine genes that will change cancerous cells to normal.
3. Health Care:
It will indicate prospects for a healthier living, designer drugs, genetically modified diets and finally our genetic identity.
It will be possible to study how various genes and proteins work together in an interconnected network.
5. Study of Tissues.
All the genes or transcripts in a particular tissue, organ or tumour can be analysed to know the cause of effect produced in it.
6. Non-human Organisms:
Information about natural capabilities of nonhuman organisms can be used in meeting challenges in health care, agriculture, energy production and environmental remediation. For this a number of model organisms have been sequenced, e.g., bacteria, yeast Coenorhabditis elegans (free living non-pathogenic nematode), Droso- phila (fruitfully), Rice, Arabidopsis etc.