Artificial Reproductive Technologies (ARTs)
These techniques help the childless/infertile couple bear child. Various types of ARTs include:
- In-vitro fertilization (IVF): Sperms & egg are fertilized in laboratory under simulated conditions, which is followed by embryo transfer into the uterus.
- Zygote intra-fallopian transfer (ZIFT): Zygote that is formed in-vitro is transferred into the fallopian tube of the females at upto 8-celled stage.
- Gamete intra-fallopian transfer (GIFT): Gamete from donor is transferred to the uterus of the receiver who cannot produce egg but can provide suitable condition for fertilization.