# CASE STUDY QUESTION 22-Class X-Maths

CASE STUDY QUESTION 22-Class X-Maths

Deepak bought 3 notebooks and 2 pens for Rs. 80. His friend Ram said that price of each notebook could be Rs. 25. Then three notebooks would cost Rs.75, the two pens would cost Rs.5 and each pen could be for Rs. 2.50. Another friend Ajay felt that Rs. 2.50 for one pen was too little. It should be at least Rs. 16. Then the price of each notebook would also be Rs.16.

Lohith also bought the same types of notebooks and pens as Aditya. He paid 110 for 4 notebooks and 3 pens. Later, Deepak guess the cost of one pen is Rs. 10 and Lohith guess the cost of one notebook is Rs. 30.

(i) Form the pair of linear equations in two variables from this situation by taking cost of one notebook as Rs. x and cost of one pen as Rs. y.
(a) 3x + 2y = 80 and 4x + 3y = 110
(b) 2x + 3y = 80 and 3x + 4y = 110
(c) x + y = 80 and x + y = 110
(d) 3x + 2y = 110 and 4x + 3y = 80
Here, the cost of one notebook be Rs. x and that of pen be Rs. y.
According to the statement, we have
3x + 2y = 80 and
4x + 3y = 110

(ii) Find the cost of one notebook?
(a) Rs. 20 (b) Rs. 10 (c) Rs. 5 (d) Rs. 15

(iii) Find the cost of one pen?
(a) Rs. 20 (b) Rs. 10 (c) Rs. 5 (d) Rs. 15

Solving 3x + 2y = 80 and 4x + 3y = 110, we get
x = 20 and y = 10
Cost of 1 notebook = Rs. 20 and Cost of 1 pen = Rs. 10

(iv) Find the total cost if they will purchase the same type of 15 notebooks and 12 pens.
(a) Rs. 400 (b) Rs. 350 (c) Rs. 450 (d) Rs. 420
Total cost = Rs. 15 x 20 + Rs. 12 x 10
= 300 + 120
= Rs. 420

(v) Find whose estimation is correct in the given statement.
(a) Deepak (b) Lohith (c) Ram (d) Ajay
Ram said that price of each notebook could be Rs. 25. Ajay felt that Rs. 2.50 for one pen was too little. It should be at least Rs. 16.
Deepak guess the cost of one pen is Rs. 10 and Lohith guess the cost of one notebook is Rs. 30
Therefore, estimation of Deepak is correct

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