– All formulas of the chapter at one glance.


Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium

Hardy-Weinberg principle states that the genetic constitution in a population remains constant if there is no external influence. This statement gives us a formula that is used to solve the numerical problems of this chapter. Check the formula and the example below.

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Calculating Age of Fossil

After the discovery of a fossil, scientists estimate the age of that fossil. How is this done? Check the GIF below for the steps for calculating the age of a fossil.

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