Salient Features of the Human Genome
- The human genome is made up of 3164.7 million nucleotide bases.
- On an average, a gene consists of 3000 bases, but size may vary.
- Human beings have about 30,000 genes.
- For over 50 percent of the discovered genes, the functions are still unclear.
- Less than 2 percent of the genome contributes for protein synthesis.
- Human genome consists of a large portion of repeated sequences.
- Chromosome 1 with 2968 genes has the most number of genes. The Y chromosome with 231 genes has the least number of genes.